Scotland 2019 – sightseeing plan (ENG)

(Polska wersja)

My nickname Castelviator means roughly “Castle Traveler” in Latin. But in 2019, I have only visited the Royal Castle in Warsaw so far and it is high time to increase this number. I’m going to Scotland next week. I present a list of places that I would like to see and a few questions bothering me.

Princes_Street_(6190398796) — kopia
View of Edinburgh, source: https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plik:Princes_Street_(6190398796).jpg

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Italy 2003 pt. 5 – First steps in Ravenna (ENG)

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(Other parts of the report from Italy: first, second, third, fourth.)

Next trip, this time to the north to Bellaria-Igea Marina, was to Ravenna, the capital of the following: Western Roman Empire in the years 402-476, the Kingdom of Ostrogoths, Ravenna Exarchate (Byzantine province on the Apennine Peninsula) in the years 540-751, and part of the Papal States in the years 765-1859. Ravenna was originally a seaside town, but as centuries passed, alluvial sediments would cut it off from the sea if it were not for the construction of an 11-kilometer long canal (the longest in Italy) at the beginning of the 18th century. Ravenna is a city with a stunning number of historic churches.

The first one we saw was the Basilica di Santa Maria in Porto. It is a minor basilica built in the 16th century.

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Source: own. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

The façade in its current form was built in 1784 by Camillo Morigia, to whom we owe the contemporary appearance of the Dante’s tomb and the clock tower – both of which we saw later.

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Italy 2003 pt. 4 – San Marino (ENG)

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(Other parts of the report from Italy: first, second, third, fifth.)

After leaving San Leo, driving through the Apennines…

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Source: own. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

… we have reached the Republic of San Marino, whose territory covers 61 km2 (which is eight times less than the area of city of ​​Warsaw). In the Middle Ages there were many such small countries in Europe, but almost all of them were absorbed by the growing nation-states – San Marino is one of the few that remained independent.

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Italy 2003 pt. 3 – San Leo (ENG)

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(Other parts of the report from Italy: first, second, fourth, fifth.)

After visiting Rimini, the next trip was to the castle in San Leo, on the mountainous border of the Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions.

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Source: own. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

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Italy 2003 pt. 2 – Rimini (ENG)

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(Other parts of the report from Italy: first, third, fourth, fifth.)

Rimini (formerly called Ariminum) is located just a few kilometers from Bellaria-Igea Marina. Despite the earthquake in 1672 and World War II bombings, many monuments from earlier eras are preserved there.

We started the tour from one of the two main markets of the city, Piazza Tre Martiri (Three Martyrs Square), named after three guerrilla men named Luigi Nicolò, Adelio Pagliarani and Mario Capelli, hanged by Nazi German occupiers on August 16, 1944. As you will soon see, this square was also a place of other dramatic events.

On the square there is the 16th-century Torre dell’Orologio (clock tower), with the eighteenth-century calendar with the signs of the Zodiac and the phases of the moon. On the lowest level there is a portico which middle, blind arch commemorates the inhabitants of Rimini who died during World War II. I saw similar monuments in various cities of Italy and France, which I think proves false the popular statement that national martyrdom is a unique Polish feature.

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Source: own. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

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